Samoa became a self-governing democratic country in 1962, when it became the first Pacific island to gain independence.
It is located in the Polynesian archipelago and has been known as the cradle of the Polynesia due to its location in the vast Pacific Ocean.
Politically, Samoa has established its government as a democratic representative state with the Prime Minister as its head.
The Samoan people are believed to have migrated from South East Asia more than three thousand years ago.
Early contact with the European navigators was established in the 18th century with the arrival of missionaries, notably the London Missionary Society in 1830.
In the early 1900s, it became a German protectorate until New Zealand occupied it during the outbreak of World War I in 1914.
From 1962 onwards, it was known as Western Samoa until 1997, when the "Western" was dropped, and it simply came to be known as (the Independent State of) Samoa.