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6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Where we are
According to the Poverty Analysis Report 2004, Niue has successfully completed MDG 1 and declares a total absence of extreme poverty and hunger within Niue. However, hardships are still experienced among small groups of people. The present land tenure allows for agricultural development based on small scale commercial basis but more predominant is the use of lands for subsistence living. Niue’s land tenure allows almost all to enjoy free access to land and sea for use. Read more in the Niue CPAP 2008-2012, pp 3-4.
MDG1 shows the proportion of the population that has fallen below the Basic Needs Poverty Line (BNPL). For Samoa the BNPL has risen from 23% in 2002 to 27% in 2008. Read more in the Samoa MDGs Acceleration Initiative, p 5.
Where we are globally
The MDG target has been met, poverty rates have been halved between 1990 and 2010, but 1.2 billion people still live in extreme poverty.
- About 700 million fewer people lived in conditions of extreme poverty in 2010 than in 1990.
- The economic and financial crisis has widened the global jobs gap by 67 million people.
- One in eight people still go to bed hungry, despite major progress.
- Globally, nearly one in six children under age five are underweight; one in four are stunted.
- An estimated 7 per cent of children under age five worldwide are now overweight, another aspect of malnutrition; one quarter of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG1
- Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
- Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
- Poverty gap ratio
- Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
- Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
- Growth rate of GDP per person employed
- Employment-to-population ratio
- Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
- Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
- Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
- Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
- Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption