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6 Promote gender equality and empower women
Where we are
Women continue to enjoy equal opportunities afforded to all Niuean citizens and are encouraged to live lifestyles of their choice. Both men and women are given equal rights to participate in all sectors of the economy without prejudice including the legitimate right to participate in Niue’s democratic parliamentary elections.
There is gender inequality in Samoa and there should be particular focus on addressing such issues as sexual and domestic violence against women as well as women’s under representation in macro decision-making processes such as in Parliament. The implementation of government policies and international agreements to promote gender equality, such as CEDAW, need to be supported through a review of legislation and other capacity-development initiatives. Read more in the Samoa CPAP 2008-2012, p 3.
Where we are globally
Women are assuming more power in the world’s parliaments, boosted by quota systems.
- Gender parity is closest to being achieved at the primary level; however, only 2 out of 130 countries have achieved that target at all levels of education.
- Globally, 40 out of 100 wage-earning jobs in the non-agricultural sector are held by women.
- As of 31 January 2013, the average share of women members in parliaments worldwide was just over 20 per cent.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG3
- Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
- Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
- Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
- Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament