Integration of Climate Change Risks and Resilience into Forestry Management in Samoa (ICCRIFS)

Description

Samoa is experiencing increasing climate change-induced damage to human and economic development in key sectors, with adverse effects already experienced by its village communities. There is a high risk that further climate-change related damage will strongly

impact on the country‟s economy, social infrastructure and natural environments, and significantly affect the livelihoods of rural communities. The combined effects of sea level rise, increased frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones, coastal erosion, disease impacts on crops, drought, spread of invasive species and reductions of fresh water supply seriously undermine Samoa‟s forestry and agro-forestry resource base and the related livelihood opportunities of its communities. Climate change exacerbates current environmental pressures on forestry resources, due to clearing and encroachment in native upland forestry areas, unsustainable landuse practices in lowland agro-forestry areas, couples with lack of understating and knowledge of government institutions and rural communities on current and potential impacts of climate change on forestry resources and effective adaptation options. Through this project, the Government of Samoa (GoS) will strengthen institutional capacities to systematically identify and address the climate change-driven risks for the management of native forests and agroforestry areas, in order to increase the resilience of rural communities and protect their livelihoods from dynamic climate-related damage, pursuant to the attainment of Samoa‟s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) resources will be used to achieve the following closely interrelated outcomes:

 

Expected outcomes

1.  Climate change risks and resilience are integrated into forestry policy frameworks

  • Revised national forestry policy and plan through enhanced institutional coordination
  • Development of forestry-tailored climate early warning and information systems
  • Development of a Forest Fires Prevention Strategy and Manual
  • Training of government officers on climate risk analysis, adaptive policies and planning techniques

2.  Climate resilient agro-forestry and forestry techniques are demonstrated in lowland

  • agroforestry and upland native forest areas
  • Detailed vulnerability assessments in native upland forest ecosystems and lowland
  • agroforestry areas and preparation of site-specific adaptation plans using climate early warning and information systems
  • Rehabilitation of degraded native forestry areas using climate-resilient native species,
  • introduction of climate resilient crops and cultivation techniques, climate-sensitive grazing
  • land management techniques and training of farmers
  • Promote linkages with sustainable livelihood support mechanisms, value added produce and products
  • Capacity and coordination strengthening of national and community stakeholders

3.  Project knowledge and lessons learned are captured, analysed and disseminated

  • Lessons learned and best practices are generated and shared between local communities,
  • and national and regional stakeholders through appropriate mechanisms
  • Feeding of on-the-ground experience to inform policy mainstreaming processes
  • Development of a project communication and awareness raising strategy involving range of
  • media
  • Project experience in forestry adaptation is transmitted to education institutions to
  • incorporate knowledge generated in training materials, curricula and school programs



This initiative will be implemented through the active engagement of all relevant line ministries including the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE), Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF), Ministry of Finance (MoF), Fire and Emergency Services Authority (FESA), Ministry of Women, Communities and Social development (MWCSD) and Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT), thereby ensuring cross-sectoral coordination throughout the policy-making, capacity building and implementation activities. The community-level implementation will be delivered through the engagement of community leaders in the selected project areas, with the support of national Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) active in rural development and environment issues. The active involvement of regional organizations, such as the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), will ensure provision of regional expertise on the technical and policy aspects of the initiative. 

UNDAF / Country Programme Outcome

UNDAF Outcome 4: The mainstreaming of environmental sustainability and sustainable energy into regional and national policies, planning frameworks and programmes; and Pacific communities sustainably using their environment, natural resources and cultural heritage

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