AF Samoa: Enhancing Resilience of Coastal Communities of Samoa to Climate Change
Brief Project Description
This programme was designed to have a holistic and country-wide approach to climate change adaptation in the coastal zones in Samoa. It will provide a vehicle to revise and implement the approved Coastal Infrastructure Management (CIM) Plans on the ground as a practical community based response to adaptation. The program will result in a “whole of country” adaptation response for coastal management. The implementation of appropriate responses will be supported by the programme through site specific design of adaptation interventions and active community engagement in the process.
The programme will serve to implement the CIM Strategy, which was originally prepared in 2000 and revised in 2006 to include specific reference to CC related issues. In particular the predicted hazard zones were reviewed against the NAPA data (2005) and inter-alia the Climate Risk Profiles (2007) and impacts from more frequent and intense cyclone events. There is an opportunity under this programme to consider the more detailed and updated climate change projections now available for Samoa. The Strategy which has as its central focus a theme of “resilience”, directs coastal adaptation to focus upon activities which will have a positive effect upon community resilience. It sets out a range of adaptation actions with preference for “soft” actions such as managed retreat over “hard” engineered solutions such as seawalls. The CIM Strategy has been endorsed by Cabinet as official Government policy with respect to coastal management.
The project has a 3 pronged approach:
• A main focus upon on-the-ground implementation of coastal adaptation measures, addressing climate change impacts on key infrastructure elements and coastal ecosystems in an integrated way. Integration is achieved within the framework of comprehensive village land use plan – the CIM Plan
• Strengthened institutional policies and capacities to provide an enabling environment for climate resilient coastal development
• The systematic capture and dissemination of knowledge and lesson learnt to aid and inform further implementation and pursuit of climate resilient development
The expected project outcomes are;
1. Strengthened awareness and ownership of coastal adaptation and climate risk reduction processes at community ad national level in 25 districts and 139 village
2. Increased adaptive capacity of coastal hazards of coastal communities to adapt to coastal hazards and risks induced by climate change in 25 district and 139 villages.
3. Strengthened institutional capacity of government sectors to integrate climate and disaster risk and resilience into coastal management-related policy
4. Project management